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Rhabdomyosarcoma mimicking lymphangioma: report of three cases

Silvana Guerriero, Lorenza Ciracì, Ermete Giancipoli, Maria Grazia Fiore, Domenico Piscitelli


We report three cases of proptosis, in children aged 6, 10 and 12, whereby in all cases the first clinical, radiologic and ultrasonographic diagnosis was lymphangioma, while the final anatomopathological diagnosis was rhabdomyosarcoma. In presence of a rapidly worsening exophthalmos or eyelid swelling in a child, an early correct diagnosis is very important. Imaging techniques play a very important role in the diagnosis, but are often inconclusive and an excisional biopsy (if feasible) must always be considered


rhabdomyosarcoma, lymphangioma, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, sonography.

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