Bird pecking ocular injury caused by a native Malayan bird
Keywords:bird pecking injuries, corneal laceration, traumatic cataract, ocular penetration, penetrating ocular injury, penetrating ocular injuries, white-breasted waterhen, ke-ru-ak
Eye injuries resulting from bird pecking are rare but may cause permanent blindness. We report a case of penetrating ocular injury following a peck by a white-breasted waterhen. A 13-year-old girl presented with painful visual loss in her left eye after being pecked by her pet bird. She sustained a central corneal laceration and traumatic cataract in her left eye. Primary closure of corneal laceration was performed without complication. Broad spectrum topical and intravenous antibiotics were administered. After two weeks, she developed a mature white cataract. Subsequently, she underwent lens aspiration with intraocular lens implantation. Her vision improved drastically from 20/2400 to 20/60. Precautions should be taken while handling birds, especially when children are handling birds, in order to prevent any ocular injury. Parents play a vital role in preventing their child from getting injured by birds.
Al-Sharif EM, Alkharashi AS. An unusual case of penetrating eye injury caused by a bird: a case report with review of the pertinent literature. Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology 2019; 33(2): 196-9.
Tabatabaei SA, Soleimani M, Behrouz MJ. Bird attack ocular injuries. Retina 2018; 38(5): 945-50.
Lekse Kovach J, Maguluri S, Recchia FM. Subclinical endophthalmitis following a rooster attack. Journal of AAPOS 2006; 10(6): 579-80.
Muller L, Kohnen T. Scleral and corneal laceration with iris prolapse caused by an eagle claw. Graefe’s Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 2005; 243(4): 377-9.
Kuhl W. [Eye injuries caused by birds]. Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde 1970; 157(6): 810-5.
Abdulla HA, Alkhalifa SK. Ruptured globe due to a bird attack. Case Reports in Ophthalmology 2016; 7(1): 112-4.
Chaudhry IA, Al-Sharif AM, Hamdi M. Severe ocular trauma caused by an ostrich. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2005; 89(2): 250-1.
Tyson C, Srivinisan S. A peck of affection or a peck of aggression: case report of an eye injury due to the black naped oriole. Advances in Ophthalmology and Visual System 2017; 6(1): 00169.
Whistler, H. (1963) Popular Handbook of Indian Birds. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh.
Yardley AM, Hoskin AK, Hanman K, et al. Animal-inflicted ocular and adnexal injuries in children: a systematic review. Survey of Ophthalmology 2015; 60(6): 536-46.
An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:
1. The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.
2. A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: 1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. 2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. 3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.